ECE Course Outline


Electrical Energy Systems (2-3-3)

ECE2040 [min C] or ECE 3710
Catalog Description
Non-renewable and renewable/sustainable energy sources. Processes, costs, and environmental impact of conversion into electric energy. Delivery and control of electric energy, electromechanical systems.
El-Sharkawi, Electrical Energy: An Introduction (3rd edition), CRC Press, 2012. ISBN 1466503033, ISBN 9781466503038 (required)

Topical Outline
1.	Energy Requirements, Resources, and Sustainability.
   a.	Modern societal energy requirements
   b.	Electricity consumption across the US, options for reducing demand
   c.	Non-Renewable sources of energy: coal, oil, natural gas, and nuclear reserves, energy density, economic costs
   d.	Renewable sources of energy: hydro, geo-thermal, photovoltaic, wind, tidal, ocean-wave, biomass, and ethanol; energy density, and economic costs.
   e.	Long term sustainability of these energy sources.

2.	Conversion of Non-Renewable and Renewable Energy Sources to Electric Energy.
   a.	Advantages of electric energy
   b.	Fundamental structure, quantitative analysis, and efficiency of different sources
   c.	Cost per unit of electric energy produced, safety issues
   d.	Environmental impact of energy conversion processes, trade-offs with process efficiency
   e.	Economic, political, and infrastructure barriers to the conversion from non-renewable energy sources to renewable sustainable sources of energy

3.	Principles of Electric Power Delivery
   a.	Significance of the lack of energy storage in the electric power system
   b.	Fundamentals of three-phase power, including per-phase calculations, complex power, power factor and utility billing practices
   c.	Equivalent circuit model of generators, transformers, lines and loads;  need for VAR compensation
   d.	Simple two-bus system to demonstrate principles of power flow, stability, and other constraints
   e.	Electric Safety
   f.	Electric shock, body resistance, and grounding

4.	Principles of Electric Energy Processing and Conversion
   a.	Matching source characteristics to load requirements
   b.	Principles of power electronic converters; types of power converters (dc/dc, ac/dc and dc/ac); duty cycle control, filtering, input-output characteristics, efficiency and dynamic response
   c.	Power supplies for electronic equipment, characteristics, limitations and challenges
   d.	Electromechanical systems based on variable reluctance principles:  solenoids, stepper motors, and transducers
   e.	Rotating electromechanical transducers:  brushed and brushless dc- and induction- machines
   f.	Principles of power electronic variable speed drives for rotating transducers
   g.	System considerations including dynamics, control, load interaction and utility grid interface issues including power-factor, harmonics, and start-up

Case Study Projects

Laboratory Topics

   1.	PV Cell Characteristics
   2.	PV Cell Interconnection Characteristics
   3.	Energy Storage - Battery Performance Analysis
   4.	Bicycle Ride
   5.	AC Circuits - Single Phase
   6.	Single phase transformer
   7.	Three Phase Circuits 
   8.	Buck Converter
   9.	Single and Three phase rectifiers
   10.	Power Supply for Electronics Equipment