Ph.D. Dissertation Defense - Reza Abbaspour

Event Details

Tuesday, October 30, 2018

2:00pm - 4:00pm

Location: 
Room 5029, EBB Krone Building

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Event Details

TitleThree-dimensional Micro Fabrication Technologies for Electronic and Lab-on-chip Applications

Committee:

Dr. Muhannad Bakir, ECE, Chair , Advisor

Dr. Azad Naeemi, ECE

Dr. Oliver Brand, ECE

Dr. Albert Frazier, ECE

Dr. Yogendra Joshi, ME

Abstract:

The density of heterogeneous three-dimensional integrated circuits (3D-ICs) is significantly limited by through-silicon-via (TSV) density and cooling challenges. To enable fine-grain 3D-ICs, high aspect-ratio sub-micron diameter (~920 nm) TSV technology is demonstrated. To address cooling challenges and pronounced thermal wall limits in high-density integrated electronics and 3D-IC technology, a monolithic microfluidic cooling strategy is explored. Specifically, a thermal testbed with non-uniform power map and integrated microfluidics at the back side of the silicon die is microfabricated. While the proposed silicon-based microfluidic cooling is shown to provide thermal benefits, the silicon Bosch process introduces a number of challenges on a fully processed CMOS wafer, in particular introducing crystalline defects, reducing silicon volume and thus increasing wafer warpage. As an alternative, a novel metal additive manufacturing technology is developed as a key enabler for microfabricating a metallic microfluidic heatsink at the die-level and wafer-level. As a result, we demonstrate additively manufactured 200 µm diameter copper (Cu) pillars as the key heat dissipating elements for monolithically integrated microfluidic heatsinks. Lastly, it is discovered that there is a wide need for the scallop-free sub-micron deep silicon etching process that was developed for the high-density 3D-IC project. By leveraging this enabling process, a lab-on-chip device is microfabricated to study, for the first time, bio-physical interactions of red-blood-cells (RBCs) with their surrounding environment in vitro.

Last revised October 16, 2018